Today at press conference at the Royal Ontario Museum Treasury Board President Tony Clement announced that MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates Ltd. (MDA) will begin building the OSIRIS-REx Laser Altimeter (OLA) for the 2016 mission.
The US-led Origins-Spectral Interpretation-Resource Identification-Security-Regolith Explore (OSIRIS-REx) mission announced three years ago includes one Canadian instrument, a significant instrument, the OSIRIS-REx Laser Altimeter (OLA) which uses Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) .
The Canadian LIDAR is one of four primary instruments on the spacecraft and has the critical function of scanning the asteroid to create a dataset similar to 3D map that will assist in navigating the spacecraft towards the asteroid and will also assist when it prepares to land.
“Our government is proud to support Canada’s space sector through a partnership with NASA on this ambitious mission to return a piece of an asteroid to Earth. Canada is a world leader in optics and this mission will challenge our domestic space industry to, once again, push Canada’s world-renowned expertise to new frontiers,” said Tony Clement, President of the Treasury Board.
The OSIRIS-REx spacecraft will launch in 2016 and will take four years to reach its destination, the near Earth asteroid designated 1999 RQ36 or Bennu.
The asteroid was named Bennu by Michael Puzio, a third-grader from North Carolina who entered a “Name that Asteroid!” contest organized by NASA. The name refers to the Egyptian mythological bird Bennu, which Puzio thought the spacecraft, OSIRIS-REx, resembled.
You can have your name on the spacecraft as all the names of people who request it will be etched on a microchip aboard the spacecraft that will travel to Bennu.
Once it reaches the asteroid it will spend six months mapping the surface. The science team will then pick a location to land so that its robotic arm can scoop up some of its soil for return to Earth. It will return to Earth in 2023 landing in Utah.
In exchange for the OLA instrument, the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) will own 4% of the total returned sample which will provided to the Canadian scientific community with its first-ever direct access to a returned asteroid sample.
“MDA’s participation in this landmark mission builds on the expertise and technology developed for NASA’s Phoenix Mars Lander and U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) XSS-11 missions,” said Craig Thornton, general manager for Robotics and Automation at MDA. “As future commercial and government space ventures emerge, we are well positioned to provide flight-proven vision systems that meet stringent mission requirements.”
The Canadian science team is headed by Dr. Alan Hildebrand of the University of Calgary; Dr. Michael Daly of York University is the deputy principal investigator and the OSIRIS-REx Laser Altimeter instrument scientist. The team also includes researchers from the University of Winnipeg, the University of Toronto and the University of British Columbia.
MDA received awarded an initial contract in February of 2013 to design the instrument for which it was to receive $15.8 million. The value of today’s follow on contract is $8.84 million.
The governments total investment in OSIRIS-REx for the full life cycle of the mission is $61 million over 15 years to support the development of OLA and the science team.
Perhaps unintentionally a Canadian Space Agency representative Tweeted the following tweet during today’s event which made it seem like today’s announcement was a for a new mission. The news about this mission and Canada’s contribution was already announced three years ago.
— CanadianSpaceAgency (@csa_asc) July 17, 2014
However the press released issued by the government started with this sentence “Today, on behalf of Industry Minister James Moore, Treasury Board President Tony Clement announced a significant contribution to Canadian space innovation. In partnership with MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates Ltd. (MDA) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) is advancing Canada’s leadership in the niche technologies of Light Detection and Ranging systems (Lidar) through Canada’s first international mission to return a sample from an asteroid to Earth.”
In fact if you didn’t know the history of this mission you might think the government was actually announcing a new mission. Or perhaps it was just poor wording by the Conservative governments public relations department. Regardless, it certainly seems like the Twitterverse bought this as a new mission including a CSA employee.
— anna kapiniari (@annakapiniari) July 17, 2014
– Canadian Technology Takes Aim at an Asteroid, July 17, 2014
– MDA Begins Flight Phase of Asteroid Mission, July 17, 2014
– Minister Paradis Announces New Contract to Support Cutting-edge Space Technology, February 27, 2013
“Today, the Honourable Christian Paradis, Minister of Industry and Minister responsible for the Canadian Space Agency, announced a $15.8-million contract to MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates (MDA) for the design of a sophisticated mapping system known as the OSIRIS-REx Laser Altimeter.”
– MDA Wins Contract to Build Mapping System for Asteroid Sample Return Mission, February 27, 2013
– Lecture: An Overview of Canada’s Participation in the OSIRIS-REx Asteroid Sample Return Mission, November 20, 2012
– Canadian LIDAR to be a Part of NASA’s OSIRIS-REx Asteroid Sample Return Mission, May 25, 2011